October 18 2012 by Crafty Pint
Beer â itâs a manâs drink for a manâs world. Hell, youâve only got to look at the marketing to know that much, right? Wellâ¦ no. Back in medieval times it was the women who did the lionâs share of secular brewing. Indeed, in times when the water supply was often unfit for consumption it was womenâs brewing of ale that kept the peopleâs thirst at bay.
And today, here in Australia, a great many of our talented brewers are women, several of whom were involved in the second Women of Beer Brew Day, which took place earlier this month at Matilda Bayâs shiny new home in Port Melbourne. Last yearâs special brew was 1000 litres of Ninkasiâs Angel, a spiced Belgian tripel. This time around, with double the brew volume, the beer of the day was a biÃ¨re de garde (a French-style ale which means âbeer for keepingâ – see style notes below), poetically named Hildegardeâs BiÃ¨re de Garde.
The beer wasnât the only thing to grow; the Women of Beer had increased their number from six to eight. This yearâs team included Matilda Bayâs Chloe Lovatt, CUB’S Aine OâHora, Old Salt’s Sam FÃ¼ss, Two Birdsâ Jayne Lewis, Red Hillâs Karen Golding, Hargreaves Hillâs Beth Williams, Beer Girl Bites' Tiffany Waldron and the Beer Diva, Kirrily Waldhorn.
In line with last yearâs brew, Bintani, Cryer Malt and Grain & Grape donated the ingredients, and the brewing facilities came courtesy of this yearâs venue, Matilda Bay. The beerâs proceeds will help raise funds for the Pink Boots Society, which supports and encourages women working within the beer industry through initiatives such as scholarships and practical help for small businesses.
Brewing kicked off at 10am with a whopping 500 kilograms of malted barley, the bulk of which was Pilsner. Pilsner malt can lend a beer a delicious and subtle bready flavour as seen in classic Pilsner lagers. Several darker speciality malts were added for extra depth of flavour and colour.
This being a French beer, two types of French hop were included. French Triskel (in its commercial Australian debut) was used for bittering, and Strisselspalt provided aroma and flavour.
The yeast was a Belgian strain, which may seem like an odd choice for a French beer but, as Sam FÃ¼ss explained: “We chose this strain for its tolerance of high alcohol levels and weâll be fermenting at 18 degrees to restrain the typically Belgian flavours as we really want the malt character to come through.”
Alongside these expected brewing ingredients was a quantity of French oak chips. Sam described how they would use a large polyester sack to make a giant oaky tea bag that would then be dangled into the fermenter to lend the finished beer a barrel-aged quality. To further add to this aged quality, the beer will undergo a period of cold maturation before being made available mid-November in celebratory champagne bottles. A portion of the beer is destined for kegs and will be available on tap in select craft beer venues.
As the brew team went on with their tasks the bar began to fill up with beer lovers keen on sampling the full range of Matilda Bay beers on tap. A gourmet barbecue was fired up so there was plenty of pork action for those who could not live on beer alone.
So why biÃ¨re de garde?
“Similar to last year, we wanted to brew something special and celebratory for people to enjoy around Christmas time,” said Sam.
The snappy moniker came courtesy of Beth Williams and refers to Hildegarde von Bingen, a celebrated Abbess who is apparently only a couple of miracles short of sainthood. Hildegarde was also quite the renaissance women, with a finger in many medieval pies. Williams, who is quite the renaissance women herself being both brewery owner and trained opera singer, explained: “She was an amazing woman. She was a poet, musician, mystic and herbalist who did a lot of research into hops and was one of the first people to advocate the use of hops in beer.”
With two brews under their collective belt it looks like the Women of Beer Brew Day could become a permanent fixture of the craft beer calendar. Are there plans for a 2013 brew?
“Oh, definitely,” said Kirrily. “We have even talked of making it a biannual event.” And how about future beer styles? “Well, we always want to do something different, a little out of the ordinary. We want to get the message out that women like complex beers, not just the boring sweet and light styles that get marketed to us. The Women of Beer is all about challenging those stereotypes.”
Rest assured, we’ll keep you posted on the beer’s release.
BiÃ¨re de garde
BiÃ¨re de garde is a traditional style of ale from the Nord-Pas Calais region in northern France. The style has its roots in the rustic farmhouse ales of the area and with Nord-Pas Calais sharing a border with Belgium, so itâs no surprise that Belgian saisons are a close cousin of French biÃ¨res de garde.
BiÃ¨re de garde means âbeer for keepingâ. The âkeepingâ part of the name, la garde, is analogous to the more familiar German term, Lager, which is used by brewers to refer to the cold storage of beer (ale or lager) for the purpose of conditioning.
Before the advent of refrigeration, a long period of cold storage was a necessity to ensure a supply during summer. Beer would be brewed in the cooler months in order to avoid the unpredictable effects that hot weather can have on uncontrolled fermentation. Some of these winter-brewed beers were intended to be refreshing summer beers and were therefore stored in wooden barrels until they were needed in the summer months to slake the thirst of many a hot and sweaty French farmhand. The original biÃ¨res de garde would have been quite low in alcohol and most likely have had a tart or sour edge from wild yeasts and bacteria present in the barrels.
Over the years, brew house sanitation has meant that biÃ¨res de garde have lost their sour aspect and gained alcoholic strength to become a speciality beer rather than a working man or womanâs thirst-quencher. And thanks to modern fermentation control good beer can now be brewed all year round. However, the storage aspect still remains as commercial breweries will still usually cold condition a biÃ¨re de garde for anything from a few weeks to several months in order to help develop character.
A modern day biÃ¨re de garde is a malt-driven ale that is reasonably strong (from 6 to 8 per cent ABV) and often sweet up front with a dry finish that goes well with sunshine, though youâd be well-advised not to slurp too many as they can certainly pack a punch!
This article is the first of what we hope will be many for the site from Chris Brady, a man who is consumed by beer: he writes about it, reads about it and brews it. Often the tables are turned and Chris consumes the beer too. If you’d like to make contact, you can do so here.